Prof. Amulya Kumar N Reddy


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Indian Power Sector Reform for Sustainable Development: The Public Benefits Imperative Paper for presentation at the IEI sponsored Workshop on "Electric Sector Reform and Public Benefits" at the University of Cape Town, Cape Town, 10 April, 2000.

Detailed paper explaining the crises in the sector; the World Bank approach; the case study of Karnataka; and a sustainable development oriented approach for developing countries.

The Electrical Part of the Sardar Sarovar Project, Part I: Introduction and Main Conclusions

The electrical part of the Sardar Sarovar Project Part I: introduction and main conclusions; Presentation to the Sardar Sarovar Project Review Committee at Yojana Bhavan, Delhi, on October 11, 1993. Requests for a review of the SSP project from the viewpoint of the DEFENDUS paradigm.

India's Power Sector Liberalisation: An Overview, Antonette, K.V.Narasimha Murthy and Amulya, EPW June 5,1999.

The Indian power sector was opened to private participation with much fanfare in 1991 -- to hasten the increase in generating capacity as well as improve system efficiency. But the capacity addition by IPPs has been very low and the whole process has raised many problems.

The Enron and other similar Deals Vs The New Energy Paradigm, Amulya and Antonette.

Paper examines the origins of the Enron deal (and others of its type, such as the Cogentrix deal in Karnataka).  Concludes that such deals are only the unpleasant symptoms of an underlying disease.  And that this disease is, in general, the basic paradigm for energy, which  guides Indian decision-makers and, in particular, the basic strategy for the power sector in India.


Popular Articles 

Towards a New Paradigm for Power Sector Reform in India, Energy for Sustainable Development ! Volume VI No. 4 ! December 2002

This brief note describes the paradigms that have guided thinking about the power sector in India. It starts with the pre-1991 classical paradigm of the electricity utility, which gave way to the current paradigm for power sector reform, led by the World Bank. TL Sankar's new proposal for addressing the problem of the power sector in India suggests the possibility that a shift may take place to a new paradigm. This note covers the contours of this emerging paradigm.

Lessons From Enron, Hindu 22/1/01 

Lessons from Enron: Published in The Hindu, January 2001. Outlines the problems with the Dabhol Project of Enron in Maharashtra. Writes that the problems stem from the wrong approach of those who run the power sector.

Paying for Power, Hindu, 15/6/2000

Paying for power; appeared in The Hindu, June 2000. This article explores the politically acceptable process for tariff increase and subsidy reduction. It says that subsidy reduction and tariff increase must come only after the implementation of improvements in efficiency.

The Escrow Cover Report: A Critique, Amulya, Antonette and K.V. Narasimha Murthy; Published in The Deccan Herald, March 2000 (with a different title).

On the report on escrow cover to IPPs prepared by a Karnataka high-level committee set up due to the Cogentrix project.

A Fresh Approach to the Big Dam Controversy,

A fresh approach to the big dam controversy; September 1999. A short article in The Hindu saying that the controversy over large dams needs to seen from the perspective of the decision-making agenda, described in the Hindu Survey of the Environment 1998, for minimising, if not avoiding, the conflicts between the environment and development. This perspective enables a listing of the sins of omission and commission of the Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP) and other Narmada Valley projects. 


Dams And Drinking Water, 

Letter to the Editor, The Hindu, December 1999. In response to Professor Indiresan's article 'Dams and Drinking Water'

Comments in support of TL Sankar’s “Towards a People’s Plan for Power Sector Reform          

Comments in support of TL Sankar’s “Towards a People’s Plan for Power Sector Reform”. Published in EPW, November 2002. TL Sankar's article suggesting an approach about power supply to the poor and to the field of agriculture appeared in EPW in October 2002. Amulya supports this approach.

An Energy Strategy For India,

A Strategy for Resolving India's Oil Crisis; Amulya, Current Science, January 1981

Amulya focuses on the transport and household sectors (which together consume 80% of the oil)  to suggest strategy for resolving the oil crisis. In transport, he suggest shifting from truck to rail transport. In household, he suggests rural electrification for lighting as opposed to kerosene and gas for cooking.


How Privatization of The Power Sector Took Place, Antonette, Murthy and Amulya.

India’s power sector liberalisation: an overview; Antonette, Murthy and Amulya. A 37-slide IEI presentation. On the IPP process, PPA terms, RCs, restructuring and some suggestions.

Guidelines for Tariff Increases and Subsidy Reduction,

Guidelines for tariff increases and subsidy reduction. A 16-slide IEI presentation. Subsidy reduction and tariff increase can be considered only after improvements in efficiency.


Letter”, Letter to the editor, Deccan Herald, June 2000.

Herald changed the headline of the article '"The Escrow Cover Report: A Critique" to " The Escrow Cover Report: The Curate's Egg". Amulya's letter explains the meaning of the expression 'Curate’s egg' (metaphor to describe “phony optimism”) and says that the change in headline is not correct.

Economics of Power Generation: Issues and Choices”, Letter to T.R. Satish Chandran , Director, Institute for Social and Economic Change; October 1990.

Amulya criticises Satish Chandran's approach to planning, identifying it with the current beurocratic approach, where disconnected departments prepare plans. Amulya points out that a true optimum solution can be arrived at only if the constraints are introduced into the optimization problem from the very start. Article also has Amulya's point by point response to Satish Chandran's remarks on his presentation.



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